kkSpray Tan Go Ottawa Spray Tanin Ottawa, Ontario
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Click on a link below for more info on Indoor Tanning and Vitamin D:

www.tancanada.org www.tanawareness.com www.tanningtruth.com www.smarttan.com

The staff at Southern Lites would like you to be well informed. There is much to know about the tanning process and we want you to have the best of our knowledge. Safety, cleanliness and your welfare are of the utmost importance to our friends and customers. These tanning tidbits will help keep you up to date, but always feel free to ask any questions you might have.

Why should I tan?
Sunlight is absolutely essential to all life on earth. There are various reasons, both biological and psychological, why exposure to light is desirable. In addition, many people believe they look better with a tan. Thus, having a tan may be a psychologically uplifting for some people.

How does the tanning process happen?
Tanning takes place in the skin's outermost layer, the epidermis. About five percent of the cells in your epidermis are special cells call melanocytes. When exposed to ultraviolet B light (short wave ultraviolet), melanocytes produce melanin - the pigment which is ultimately responsible for your tan. The pinkish melanin travels up through the epidermis and is absorbed by other skin cells. When exposed to ultraviolet A light (longer wave), the melanin oxidizes or darkens. This darkening is your skin's way of protecting itself against too much UV light. Everyone has the same number of melanocytes in their body - about five million. But your heredity dictates how much melanin your body's melanocytes naturally will produce. For example, the skin of African Americans contains enough melanin to create a black or brown skin color, while the skin of Caucasians has less melanin and is pale. In order to most effectively avoid overexposure, a tan should be acquired gradually, according to the guidelines prescribed by your salon professional. A sunburn, or erythema, occurs when too much ultraviolet light reaches the skin and disrupts the tiny blood vessels near the skin's surface. 

What skin type do I have?
Click here to view the different skin types and determine which one you are. This will help you better understand how to protect your skin.In order to properly care for your skin, it's important to realize your skin type before you tan. Knowing this will help you manage your tan, keep your skin moisturized and avoid sunburn. Review the chart provided at this link to find a product that's right for you.

Why does a tan fade and go away?
The "tan," or pigmentation process, occurs in the epidermis, the top skin layer. The epidermis replaces all its skin cells every 28-30 days. Cells in the inner portion of the top skin layer divide themselves, migrate to the surface, gradually die and slough off. Skin cells contain melanin, and as a result of UV exposure, rise to the surface and flake off. Therefore, a tan can be maintained only by repeated exposure to UV light.

How often is a person allowed to tan?
Since 1986, the Food and Drug Administration guidelines suggest that a 48 hour should pass between tanning sessions. Pigmentation and/or erythema (sunburn) may not be fully visible for between 12-24 hours. Thus two tanning sessions within this 24 hour period could cause an unintentional burn. In general, maximum pigmentation can be build up gradually, following the exposure schedule, in 8-10 tanning sessions.

Why should I use an indoor tanning lotion?
Well cared for skin tans quicker, darker, and stays tan longer than neglected skin. A lotion will help enhance and maintain your tan longer. Here are three ways it helps.

What about Hydration?
It is necessary that skin be hydrated sufficiently to reach and maintain the desired tan. Dry, neglected skin will actually reflect UV light, not allowing it to tan underneath. In addition, neglected skin exfoliates faster, causing the tan to fade quicker. Lotions use blends of botanical oils that moisturize deep into the skin. These replenishing oils keep skin soft and supple, which keeps it looking young.

The Skins Nutrition?
The natural vitamins in lotions are fundamental to the skin's appearance and to its ability to tan. Along with their hydrating properties, these vitamins replenish the necessary nutrition to skin cells, promoting cell regeneration. They also are the catalysts which allow oxygenation to occur below the skin's surface.

Oxygenation of the Skin?
The benefits of oxygen are enormous: it fuels all skin cell functions. More specifically, it accelerates the tanning process.

What is a Tingle indoor tanning lotion?
A lotion which stimulates microcirculation. The bringing of blood and oxygen to the tiny blood vessels near the skin's surface. The higher the Tingle Factor, the more intense the tingling, and the more advanced the tanning results In order to become accustomed to the tingling sensation, it is recommended that tanning clients advance through each Tingle Factor level, beginning with Tingle Factor 0 and progressing through succeeding Tingle Factors 1, 2, 3, and so on.

Do I have to wear protection when tanning indoors?
Yes! Eyewear protects your eyes from potentially harmful ultraviolet light. Your eyelids will not tan, they will burn easily. Ultraviolet damage is to your eyes is cumulative. Closing your eyes will not protect them from potential ultraviolet damage 

Is it harmful to wear contact lenses when tanning indoors?
There exists no known reason why contact lenses may not be worn while tanning indoors. When the eyes are kept closed and proper protective eyewear worn, UV light is blocked from penetrating the eye or lens. However, the heat generated by indoor tanning equipment could cause the eye to dry a bit, thereby making the lens uncomfortable. Just as one should moisturize the skin after tanning, contact lens wearers may also use the eye drops recommended by his/her optometrist.

Why do some people itch after tanning?
Itching and/or rashes may be linked to several unrelated causes, so it is important to obtain a tanning history on each customer. Some people are naturally photosensitive upon exposure to UV. Others are susceptible to heat rashes, a cause totally unrelated to UV light. Certain chemicals or ingredients found in cosmetics, lotions, shampoos, and even the acrylic cleaner may cause itching as well. Rashes caused by these products generally occur in localized areas on which the products were applied. Customers should be advised to tan with the skin as clean as possible. If discontinued use of a suspected product does not inhibit the rash, a person should discontinue any exposure to UV light until the condition subsides or see a physician.

What causes white spots?
There are several reasons why white spots become noticeable on the body once the tanning process begins. Patches of skin which do not tan could be the result of genetic determination. The melanocytes in that certain area may simply not be efficient at producing melanin. White spots could also appear due to the presence of a fungus which lives on the skin's surface. While the fungus is harmless, it does absorb UV light which would normally penetrate the skin. This fungus did not appear as a result of tanning; it merely becomes noticeable once tanning occurs. It can be remedied through the use of prescription drugs or some other topical lotions. 

Does tanning help treat depression or Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)?
There exists a growing body of scientific evidence which indicates that some people actually require more light exposure in order to function properly. Exposure to bright light, such as that emitted by the mid-day summer sun, causes the brain to suppress the release of the hormone melatonin. Melatonin acts as a depressant in the body if generated during the daytime. Thus, when affected people are exposed to longer hours of bright light, they feel happier, euphoric and more able to enjoy life. Bright light sources emitting only visible light, are now frequently used to successfully treat Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) and Sub-syndromal Seasonal Affective Disorder (SSAD).

Skin Types

In order to properly care for your skin, it's important to realize your skin type before you tan. Knowing this will help you manage your tan, keep your skin moisturized and avoid sunburn. Review the chart below to find a product that's right for you.

Skin Type

Hair Red, Blonde Blonde, Red, Light Brown Chestnut, Dark Blonde Dark Brown Dark Brown Black
Eyes Blue, Gray, Green Blue, Gray, Green, Hazel Brown, Blue, Gray, Green, Hazel Brown Brown Brown
Skin Very Pale, Reddish Pale White, Light Brown Dark Brown Dark Brown Black
Tanning Ability Burns Easily, Never Tans Burns Easily, Tans Minimally Sometimes Burns, Gradually Tans Tans Easily Tans Easily and Dark Tans Easily and Gets Darker

Now that you've established your skin type, look at which products are right for you. Take a look at how long you think you will out in the sun. Then match up the columns with your skin type for our recommended product.

Skin Type

1 hour in sun SPF 15 or higher SPF 8 or higher SPF 8 or higher SPF 6 or higher SPF 4 or higher SPF 4 or higher
2 hours in sun SPF 30 or higher SPF 15 or higher SPF 15 or higher SPF 8 or higher SPF 6 or higher SPF 4 or higher
3 hours in sun SPF 30 or higher SPF 30 or higher SPF 15 or higher SPF 15 or higher SPF 8 or higher SPF 6 or higher
4 hours in sun SPF 40 or higher SPF 30 or higher SPF 30 or higher SPF 30 or higher SPF 15 or higher SPF 8 or higher
5 or more hours in sun SPF 50 or higher SPF 40 or higher SPF 30 or higher SPF 30 or higher SPF 30 or higher SPF 15 or higher

Of course everyone's skin is different. This is meant to be a general guideline. You should determine your own skin's tanning ability. Use common sense and try appropriate products for brief periods of time in the sun to avoid over exposure and/or sunburn.


Have more questions?  Email us at tanning@southernlites.ca.

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